Cultural led urban regeneration is deemed as an effective way for the renascence of a declining old city. But culture is a very broad concept, for example, it could be historical culture, religious culture, food culture, festival culture, historical buildings, and so on. Art is part of culture and maybe the most often used means to create the symbol and image of the city. By transforming the city with art-based regeneration, it could attract more visitors and tourists. Further, the art business could bring in more bars, hotels and restaurants, which is benefit to the promotion of economic growth and increase investment of the area.
Typical examples for cultural led urban regeneration include east London and Philadelphia. The slums once called East London the scar of London, which had been featured, for over 400 years. The living environment there was almost disaster, industrial wastes, and disordered wires in the sky. However, things start to change in the last few decades, when more and more cutting-edge designers moved in. East London quickly became an internationally renowned art area, especially Hawkes Dayton area. Following the art business, more and more galleries, bars, coffee etc. began to establish here. Through art regeneration, east London find its way to prosperous.
The same is for Philadelphia. Philadelphia in the past has the glory of the world-manufacturing center, however, gradually declined as the moving out of manufacturing industry in the last century. The local Chinese residents have dubbed “Philadelphia” for “waste city “. After the end of the “cold war”, the local government worked hard to promote the city’s transformation, through government investment into the “non-profit cultural industries, such as large museums, art galleries, theaters, etc. In addition to Philadelphia’s main culture and art industry Museum and fresco art, the mural art is another beautiful landscape of the city. These attempts of using cultural led regeneration method not only won the Philadelphia reputation of culture and art, but also enhanced the Philadelphia’s identity identification as an important international big city.
Therefore, art is a good method for urban regeneration. Find an appropriate way to highlight the characteristic of the city is important, rather than following other city’s experience blindly. A proper policy for cultural led urban regeneration will finally be proved very rewarding.