Gated Community: Safety or Not?

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When we talking about the future trend of community design, one of the patterns is enjoying its popularity, which is gated community. Gated neighborhoods seems could give residents the sense of security, their style are easy to be copied, which can save a lot of costs. However, there are still some shortcomings of this kind of developing style.

Actually gated community does not only happened in developing countries, but also popular in many other countries all over the word, and now as a trend that may meeting the acquirements of market. Besides, there are a lot of features, or we can call it themes that may add on the gated community. Some of them can be equipped with tradition elements, such as Vanke Fifth Garden in Shanghai and Shenzhen, China, property developer gave these gated communities a theme from Chinese traditional architectural and landscape pattern to make them more attractive, but those housing price are also rising from it.

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Gates provide security and separation for the leisure activities and amenities within the life style communities. In Sunbelt areas in America, such as southern California and Florida, this pattern of community remains most common but also can be found through the country. Residents’ primary motivation of choice is recreational facilities provided, such as golf, and security is the a secondary reason. But the main reason for people to choose to live in gated community is the sense of security, but the fact is that the evidence of crime rate varied by area but not between gated and ungated neighborhoods in the same area. The “sense of security” seems does not have any impact on crime. Besides, even some of those security guards are not taking this work seriously. Some of the residents even believed those sense of security too much and leave their doors and windows opened when they are not present.

The Survey of the Perception of Gates as a Factor in Reducing Crime360截图20150107223131924

Another effect I would like to talk about is gated community is one of the factor that speed up social fragmentation. The case from Jehova’s Witnesses tells us some of the neighborhoods guards ignored the require of visitors’ access. The actions like these stopped the communication with the world outside, and makes the society became separated apart.

Reference:

Blakely, E.J, and M.G. Snyder. “Separate Places: Crime and Security in gated sommunities.” In: M. Felson and R.B. Peister, Reducing crime through real estate development and management, pp. 53-70.

Jehovah’s Witnesses Win Access to Gated Communities, Lifeboat Morality, by Jim Newman, Available at http://www.skepticmoney.com/jehovahs-witnesses-win-access-to-gated-communities-lifeboat-morality/

Images recource:

http://www.meethere.cn/photo/detailphoto.do?id=go4d8stjfgj7ntrbqjqjm2rwacsikk

http://www.skepticmoney.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/gated-community-M.jpg

The Continuous Monument—Superstudio

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THE INTRODUCTION OF SUPERSTUDIO

“In the beginning we designed objects for production, designs to be turned into wood and steel, glass and brick or plastic – then we produced neutral and usable designs, then finally negative utopias, forewarning images of the horrors which architecture was laying in store for us with its scientific methods for the perpetuation of existing models.”

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Figure 1

Source: http://design.designmuseum.org/design/superstudio

An architectural group (1966-1978)was founded in Florence by a group of radical young architects, SUPERSTUDIO was at the heart of the architecture and design fields until the late 1970s after it dismissed. Their realms for design were quite plentiful, they included photo-collages, films and exhibitions, then the 20th century design thinking was influenced by their unique design perspective.

Today, I also would like to introduce a point or a topic, which is mainly idea of this group. And this idea is actually a architectural model, which contains a amazing idea of urbanization. Also, it will bring us a new idea about community engagement as well.

THE CONTINUOUS MONUMENT(AN ARCHITECTURAL MODEL FOR TOTAL URBANIZATION)

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Figure 2:The Continuous Monument Concept

Source:http://anirik-01.livejournal.com/898590.html

Superstudio’s continuous monument and the Twelve Ideal Cities used negative point with critical intent. Superstudio is obviously involved in preaching,which through the use of illustrate and literal means of “popular” to analyze the architecture discipline. Between 1969 and 1970, they made a line on the possibilities of architecture as the instrument for attaching actions through the means of total urbanization. This work appears in the third catalog: THE CONTINUOUS MONUMENT.

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Figure 3:Mountain View

Source:http://ffffound.com/home/cccchris/post/?offset=150&

There is a “modeate utopia” to imagine a  future in which is really closed and all architecture will be created with a single act. Superstudio was trying to understand the order on the earth. If people are using architecture to make the society in order, what will happen after we established some instruments and let them work?There are several signs for understanding the earth like The Great Wall of China, motorways, paralells and meridians.

For example, such as this conceptual project in New York City is quite classical. they put this super conceptual structure  to New York, which was planning to cover the Hudson and the point of peninsula joining Brooklyn and New Jersey. A bunch of skyscrapers were connected by this structure, which are built in the period without planning idea.

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Figure 4:Concept[passing New York City]

Source:https://jessevanwinden.wordpress.com/2011/05/24/mutant-architecture-the-complexity-of-utopia-makeability-and-continuity/

 

The grid is fundamentally a symbol of urban fabric and social network. The grid of social aspect that expands into notions of the social, political, electrical power grid. The grid is set up as a kind of community engagement on which the metropolis plays its own development. The city grid becomes the game-board of urbanism.

It’s funny the way that tangents work, while perhaps speaking more to the meanings of the grid in general, I think these extrapolations enable a re-conception of Superstudio’s provocative work as well, where the Continuous Monument can begin to be understood through associations of the grid in its many permutations, fictional and otherwise.”

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Figure 5:

Source:http://imgkid.com/superstudio-collage.shtml

 

Reference

1.http://design.designmuseum.org/design/superstudio (1978)

2.http://arch122superstudio.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/continuous-monument-architectural-model_15.html (2012)