The Landscape urban that comes from Landscape Urbanism


In the past ten years, a new theory about city and urban design – landscape urbanism has been argued and became popular among the students in the north America and European landscape and urban design area. The main focusing point of landscape urbanism is landscape but not architecture that can be more capable to determine the typography and experience of the city. This idea made landscape design to the frontage of urban design, and that can be think as a re-discovery of landscape design. Beside, more interesting point is that it was developed by architects.

City is intensified by the forces of nature in the earth’s surface effect “uplift” and form, which is a concrete manifestation of natural process. Landscape urbanism all existing objects on the earth (natural or artificial) and its status and spatial summation of visual reading for the continuation of the spread of the landscape. This landscape is not only green scenery or natural space, more of a continuous surface structure, a kind of ” Thickened Ground “. As a kind of can exercise the function of the cascading structure, the ground of “thickening” to “sink”, “make up” across dynamic event and process, and can provide maximum contact, interaction, exchange, accumulation and dispersion, the possibility of mixing and into each other.

The case that FOA completed in 2007 of 2007 m2 in Istanbul, Turkey Meydan commercial center, is the a successful case in integrated architecture and field landscape.


The project from a three-dimensional multifaceted perspective, with sufficient emphasis on using the natural topography, such as city form, make the structure of the form no longer abrupt, instead it is the continuation of a city and the surrounding surface associated in the public space. Visitors can pass by not only through the central plaza, conveniently to the underground parking lot, shops and even roof garden on the floor; At the same time, because of the large area of building roof and surrounding streets are linked together, visitors can also be through the roof to the city in all directions. Meydan is no longer the traditional commercial square, because it offers visitors is not only a shopping experience, but a exchange hub. Here ” Thickened Ground ” represents an integrated shopping, entertainment, leisure, even traffic function of multidimensional system composition of landscape field, not only save the land, more fully embodies the “sense of place” and “place spirit”.



Reference: Landscape Urbanism, by Kongjian Yu, Available at

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Public spaces in contemporary Roma


In this Christmas holiday, I had a trip in Roma. It is quite common, walking around the central area of Rome, to meet busy and lively public spaces.

This should not be a novelty or a strangeness. Italian squares and piazzas are well known as typical examples of public urban spaces. Worldwide planners and architects are formed on the idea that Italian piazzas, such as ‘Piazza San Marco’ in Venice and‘Piazza del Campo’ in Siena, represent the perfect example of public space where inhabitants transform the physical space of the city in public arena. What are the elements which determine the success of urban public spaces? Which are the practices that characterize these spaces?



Piazza del Campo

Piazza del Campo

It is true that some of spaces are not used and populated, instead, they should deserve some reflection. As a consequence, the persistence of space and the typology of space in the contemporary city will determine the successful urban public spaces. In addition, it is possible to encounter many public spaces that are used by inhabitants as social arenas for their meetings and for their social activities in Rome. These spaces have changed over time and some of them are today characterized by a significant presence of commerce and are mainly used as consumption sites while some others are still free from any commercial presence and are used as public arenas in many and diverse manners. Public space still represents a basic place of encounter and of exchange where people learn and acquire the capacity to cope with each other and it is still the place where tolerance can be learned. Public spaces as meeting points, the type and sociality that they host make spaces the principal social area of the city.

Looking for another study that how the church as a dominant type of Rome led to the historical formation of the urban plan, while the piazza transformed from a religious to a secular public space. The open fields in Rome, demarcated as urban by the Aurelian wall, crystallised in Medieval Rome into autonomous centres of growth, when the erection of a church defined both a religious inner and secular outer space: the piazza. It subsequently created a network of inwards looking radial growth centres, of independent cities-within-the-city. These however lacked hierarchy and with a secularisation of the city, new planning instruments were required. The Renaissance street replaced the church as the formative urban element and restructured the city according to new political and administrative boundaries. The streets cut open existing, dense fabric and connected points of significance where no urbanity yet existed, establishing new urban lines and restructuring the city as a series of scenographic processions, often visually marked by monuments. While previously the piazza was defined as an exteriorisation of the church, the church had become a landmark or an element subservient to the public space.




1. The Expulsion from Public Space (2012) Available at:

2. Postiglione M. (2013) ‘Looking at public spaces in contemporary Rome: an anthropological perspective on the study of cities’, Academicus : International Scientific Journal, Vol.MMXIII(7), p.117