THE INTRODUCTION OF SUPERSTUDIO
“In the beginning we designed objects for production, designs to be turned into wood and steel, glass and brick or plastic – then we produced neutral and usable designs, then finally negative utopias, forewarning images of the horrors which architecture was laying in store for us with its scientific methods for the perpetuation of existing models.”
An architectural group (1966-1978)was founded in Florence by a group of radical young architects, SUPERSTUDIO was at the heart of the architecture and design fields until the late 1970s after it dismissed. Their realms for design were quite plentiful, they included photo-collages, films and exhibitions, then the 20th century design thinking was influenced by their unique design perspective.
Today, I also would like to introduce a point or a topic, which is mainly idea of this group. And this idea is actually a architectural model, which contains a amazing idea of urbanization. Also, it will bring us a new idea about community engagement as well.
THE CONTINUOUS MONUMENT(AN ARCHITECTURAL MODEL FOR TOTAL URBANIZATION)
Figure 2:The Continuous Monument Concept
Superstudio’s continuous monument and the Twelve Ideal Cities used negative point with critical intent. Superstudio is obviously involved in preaching，which through the use of illustrate and literal means of “popular” to analyze the architecture discipline. Between 1969 and 1970, they made a line on the possibilities of architecture as the instrument for attaching actions through the means of total urbanization. This work appears in the third catalog: THE CONTINUOUS MONUMENT.
Figure 3:Mountain View
There is a “modeate utopia” to imagine a future in which is really closed and all architecture will be created with a single act. Superstudio was trying to understand the order on the earth. If people are using architecture to make the society in order, what will happen after we established some instruments and let them work?There are several signs for understanding the earth like The Great Wall of China, motorways, paralells and meridians.
For example, such as this conceptual project in New York City is quite classical. they put this super conceptual structure to New York, which was planning to cover the Hudson and the point of peninsula joining Brooklyn and New Jersey. A bunch of skyscrapers were connected by this structure, which are built in the period without planning idea.
Figure 4:Concept[passing New York City]
The grid is fundamentally a symbol of urban fabric and social network. The grid of social aspect that expands into notions of the social, political, electrical power grid. The grid is set up as a kind of community engagement on which the metropolis plays its own development. The city grid becomes the game-board of urbanism.
“It’s funny the way that tangents work, while perhaps speaking more to the meanings of the grid in general, I think these extrapolations enable a re-conception of Superstudio’s provocative work as well, where the Continuous Monument can begin to be understood through associations of the grid in its many permutations, fictional and otherwise.”