With the global cities industrial structure adjustment and the coming of post-industrial era at the end of 1920s, the growing enthusiasm for human heritage protection and attention, the concept of sustainable urban development led to the reflection of urban environmental problems etc. Many European cities contained their “fault” of different time, such as Lyons in Italy, which from ancient Rome to the Renaissance of cities’ features are preserved. In Paris, the different historical period of building harmonious coexistence and modern city.
In fact, the city always faces the challenge of reservation and elimination, renew and decay. City is essentially a dynamic organism metabolism. The gradient of time in the city is inevitable, but the key problem is how to deal with the relationship between the “new” and “old”, how to grasp the relationship between the city cultural heritage, history continuation and development of social economy, the relationship between these two is what have been the focus of the “urban regeneration”.
In the case of the regeneration of industrial estate of Granville Island, Canada, one of the most signally features is that the past industrial buildings were preserved, and changed to characteristic landscape, which also united the new architectural on the same style. The composition of multifunction have played an important role in attracting tourists. Now there are hostels, theatres, a large scale of CBD, various interesting local shops, parks, etc. The most interesting one is the walking path with strong historical culture.
On Granville Island, the main residential district is in the central part of the area, and connected with surroundings through many paths and roads. Besides, the designers built up the space of architectures that followed the scene, and preserved original industrial constructions, and designed with the same pattern of culture and history. They made the decoration of crane rail and pipe, and even the ship tail rotor as an ornament. These industrial elements with buildings together formed the strong historical atmosphere, which made people are more likely to experience the traces of history.
Jianguo Wang, available at http://wenku.baidu.com/link?url=4qGbsuONSKVEjhndktF69NuvaQ0uJgaJLYqSEUJOz7F5xoyvchsJRRKvoSA-Y2V4b0Yi3tEs0l1Isex8Y8sf8XDyx3XdzBlsb658U8XRJZ3
A anonymous author, available at http://wenku.baidu.com/view/b59b52a50029bd64783e2c55.html