Second semester Blog experience summary


After the first semester, I do know how the Blog system works in the Newcastle University. I do enjoy the Blog during our study here at MA Urban Design. It is recording our life and experience here like the Lancaster Cohousing view and Hexham Cohousing community engagement event.  What is more, it is also the opportunity to summarize some ideas or what we have learnt here. It is a way of communication and interaction online at any time at any place.

Here I would also like to say some issue which happen from the feedback of semester one. Since I thought the Blog is like the personal page in Twitter or Facebook that we can post anything as long as it is written by me. In that case, I choose some articles which were written by me when I was in Liverpool. However, I fail to get marks in the Blog sections in the first semester for the obvious reason of 100 per cent plagiarism for some of the Blog I wrote. This is a terrible mistake made by me who I thought some of my articles in my undergraduate study are really worth to share and read for Urban Designers. I feel sorry about that when I know it is forbidden to do so. In that case, I am writing about the latest news I got here at Newcastle MA Urban Design during the semester two and post them into the Blog. After I do this, I find it is the right thing to do because what I have done in the second semester is more about Blog’s original functions of communicating and interacting. That is to say, we have around fourteen students here in total in MA Urban Design. However, we may have different feeling about the same thing happening here even when reading the same graphs or drawings. The Blog is the place where we can show and change our different feelings on the same things. Therefore, to write something about what is going on here at Newcastle University is more powerful and worthier for me and us. That is why I choose some drawings from my Hexham’s project in the Housing Alternatives module.


In fact, after these two semesters I am really interesting in Blog and I am now wondering where there is a place where all the Urban Designers in the whole world can share their ideas and design online. I do know the Urban Design Group but unfortunately I think I am too young too naïve to share my ideas with experienced Urban Designers. I am feeling I am still lack of enough knowledge and understandings about Urban Design. However, I will keep moving and I dare to make mistakes since we are learnt by trial and error. I do appreciate what Roger said once in the tutorial,” in fact, you cannot know anything about everything and even we are not knowing anything about everything. While you are working in the studio just go to your colleagues and classmates to figure something maybe you are not familiar with or you are not clear about it.” This again shows what Blog can do in our life in Urban Design and in other to do that I will update and post my Blog more often and more frequently in the future.


Sharing some drawing techniques


As mentioned in my pervious blog, how to show your design and your ideas by using proper images, photos, pictures, diagrams, maps and plans is vital in Urban Design. I want to share some ideas on how to drawing illustration pictures during your project.


Firstly, the most important thing in drawing a picture is to know what do you want to show and which part of the drawing is the most important or by other words is the key in telling your story. A film is a story and an illustration drawing is also a story. It is the story about your design, about your ideas. I post three different drawings made by me as the example. As you can see the three drawings have different styles which are all showing what is going on in the street. However, it is important to choose the right one when showing different ideas in other words; each picture has its own key thing and idea. The Figure 1 is more about showing the clear relationship between roads, parking space, pavement and building blocks. There are not too much details or trees or landscapes or people on the pictures. As you can see the people is becoming the black sketch in order to meet the whole pictures’ style. As to the second one, you may find buildings, pavements and roads’ materials on it. What is more, the windows and doors and lighting on the street are also drawn together with the cars. However, the overall style for the Figure 2 is not realistically drawing one. It is more like a cartoon or comic paintings. The reason for using this style is on the one hand to show the vivid street view while on the other hand not to show too much architects’ details in the buildings. How to make sure the architect’s details is not attracting people’s eyes when watching the drawing. This is the problem which Urban Designers may be always struggling to get through when producing illustration pictures. My suggestion for that is shown on the second drawing to using the correct style. In terms of the third one, it is very close to the real world as it even shows the light in the night together with buildings’ detail.


Thank you Newcastle MA Urban Design


The reason for me to name this blog by using the title of “Thank you Newcastle MA Urban Design” has several meanings. Firstly, since two semesters had passed in my postgraduate career, I really learn a lot in Urban Design during these two semesters. Secondly, the reason I choose to learn Urban Design rather than Urban Planning which was my undergraduate program is that I love showing ideas by using images, graphs, pictures, plans and diagrams, however, it is very difficult indeed for a student which comes from Urban Planning’s background to catch up the pace and speed here in Urban Design. The reason for that is skills in drawing, sketching and mapping is totally different from skills in writing and reading which Urban Planning is requiring obviously. In this case, tutors and teachers here in Newcastle University are really strict while very helpful at the same time. Moreover, the course here is asking you or your group to work very hard in order to get enough feedback from the tutorials. As a result, I learn how to performance well in the Urban Design field and program. Take the recent project in Housing Alternatives as the example, we group had experienced a really bad time in deciding the masterplan. The reason for that is I only learn in Urban Design for less than one year time. There is tons of knowledge and basic principals in Urban Design which I am not familiar with. As a result, I always made different types of mistakes or errors during the design. However, our teachers are always helping us to get the right design no matter how detail the design is. In addition, the exercise in Design Code also improves my knowledge greatly. Mostly importantly, I can use one sentence to conclude my biggest gains during these two semesters. To use the proper drawing to show what exactly you are thinking and one images is louder than thousands words.


The world is not flat-questioning traditional ways of urban design


-“The world is not flat.”

This blog is my personal idea about what I am experiencing here at Newcastle University for the MA Urban Design. The idea of design at 3D level from he beginning originate from the housing project in Hexham at the Craneshaugh land. Our task is to design for a residential development.  Actually, the site is not very special comparing with any residential development in the UK, however, perhaps the biggest challenge and difference for the site is it is not flat. It means it is a slope, it is rising from south to the north; this feature is the so-called topography. As every urban designers  may do for the site analysis, they will notice this when they are doing the site analysis. However, when they turn to their design which is the core work during the project, almost everyone start with a blank sheet of paper with the size and start to draw some basic elements like buildings and roads on it. This process needs no more explanation because urban designers are extremely familiar with it.

This process of design which I name it “2D Designing”

The problem is happening during this process. Normally urban designers finish their designing process on this 2D Designing process like the area of a dwelling and its plot, the width of the roads and pavement, the distance between different areas’ boundaries etc. However, the biggest problem here is “The world is not flat.” This means if the site is not flat(which is the case of Craneshaugh), the majority of the works during the designing process is wrong. That is what I am questioning.

For example

As shown in the image, let us image there are two sites which are Site 1 and Site 2. Site 1 is flat when Site 2 is not as you can see a slope on it. When a designer starts to design for these two sites, as mentioned before, normally they will start thinking and drawing based on the plan which is I call it “2D Designing”.  If use this method of design for the Site 1 and 2, it is completely the same. For Site 1, if the site is 100% flat, the 2D Designing is correct at this time, however, when designing for the Site 2,  like putting House 3 and 4 on the site, what is 2D Designing actually do is putting House 3 and 5. On the other hand, when designing for the distance, as shown in the image, when working on the 2D Designing process, what designers are dealing with the distance between House 3 and 4 is the length of CD, however, the point D is only the protection of point F on the horizontal axis which is not exist in real. That is to say, the plan is only the projection of all objects on the horizontal axis as well. In fact, what designers should really concern in the Site 2 in terms of house’s distance is CEF. There are still some other problems and difference between 2D Designing and 3D Designing like shade and sight.


And my idea about this is why can the designing process start from the 3 dimension instead of assuming everything is flat. The answer which traditional ways of designing might be because it is simple and easy to draw. But as shown in the case above, it is wrong and overlooking many aspects of designing during the 2D Designing process.

Summary for the cohousing article reading


In order to getting started for the project on cohousing in Hexham, some readings  related with cohousing are required for getting basic information and ideas about what cohousing is about. The article for our group member to read is Evaluation of community planning and life of senior cohousing projects in northern European counties. It is a good case study and summary from the northern European countries which can be a good reference for UK’s cohousing design and practice. The summary will show some important points and ideas picked up from the text by me. Hope you find it useful as well.



For the world’s future, how to deal with the issue of growing elderly people in different country is important. This means the new century do ask care for the new cohorts of the elderly which are not the same as the past in terms of their different living experience. In other words, how to meet their needs is the key to find out the proper solutions for improving the quality of life for the elder people. Housing is relatively vital while shaping better future. Therefore, the senior cohousing does have the ability to suit the housing needs of the elderly who ask for companionship with their neighbors in the community.


A cohousing community is an intentional community which includes private homes supplemented by shared facilities. The residents living in it could plan, own and manage the community by themselves including sharing different activities. The meaning of the senior cohousing scheme for the elderly people is to meet their need of spending their later life in a house where they can enjoy other’s companion and mutually support. It is necessary to point out that the senior cohousing community is not the only choice for the elderly people; moreover, the cohousing cannot replace the function of nursing home which provides unique professional care.


This article was written for investigating life of senior cohousing community in the countries of Denmark and Sweden. The investigation includes aspects of characteristics of residents, community planning and common activities. That is to say, evaluation towards physical environment, activities, moving motivations, life satisfaction are made to give suggestions and design inspirations for architects, designers and also the decision-makers involved with elderly welfare sector. After clarify some key questions during the investigation, the most important part of the article is no doubt the Findings and Discussion section.


The first difference for the two countries is the senior cohousing community’s initiative. Danish communities have been established by intensive involvement of future residents group in cooperation with municipality authorities, architects and builders. However, Swedish communities have been established mainly by non-profit or private housing companies rather than by future residents group. That is to say, the Swedish communities’ resident groups in are relatively more anonymous users compared to the Danish one. This difference is useful to know for the different impact which the different participation in the initiative stage of senior cohousing community brings. In other words, the Swedish community is the municipality-initiated while the Danish belongs to residents-initiated.


The article shows the investigating results including of age, healthy conditions, community planning and physical environment. Under the title of physical environment, the survey towards the satisfaction about the quality of the building design, common facilities and dwelling unit. These three aspects are the key elements for influencing the quality of the cohousing community’s physical environment. On the other hand, the life within the community is also vital which means the common activity has been considered as one of the most important factors by the researchers. Therefore, this investigation also includes the types of and participation in the common activities’ evaluation. This section also contains the findings about other indicators related with residents’ life like motivation of moving in, support for daily living, preference to age composition of inhabitants, mutual cooperation with neighbors, recommendation senior cohousing to others and consideration of moving out.


At last, there are five main findings are given out.

  1. The characteristics about the composition of residents in subject senior cohousing communities.
  2. The features about community planning of senior cohousing scheme
  3. The most happening activities in the community between residents
  4. Other few indicators related with life in the senior cohousing community
  5. The overall evaluation of life satisfaction in the senior cohousing.

To conclude, the most respondents are very satisfied with and proud of their housing and living in the senior cohousing community. The meaning of spreading the senior cohousing is not only for improving the quality of life but also for better municipality’s care and nursing services for the old people. This means the senior cohousing can provide the chance of mutual support among the residents. This is good for prolonging the independence of each resident and avoid the situation of the local public authorities need to take over responsibility of individual care for the whole day. As to building the senior cohousing community outside the Scandinavian countries, the recommendation for that is the role of establishing those communities should be divided into offering home-service and healthcare service. Besides, the method about involvement of future resident groups from the establishment stage of community is also suggested. Although the senior cohousing functions are easy to be successful at the beginning stage, still one has to consider priorities of the residents at a later stage.



European Planning Studies,(2007), Evaluation of community planning and life of senior cohousing projects in northern European countries

First time Blog experience summary



The 21st century is the Internet Age. The use of the Internet has influenced people’s life in many aspects. The Blog is a good way to communicate with people online. It is the platform where people can publish their thoughts and ideas online which allows other people to read. In terms of Urban Design, it gives the urban designers the chances to get each other’s ideas nicely. There is a famous old saying: If we both have an apple, we still have one after we change our apples; however, if we both have an idea, we both have two ideas after we change our ideas. Blog is a habit which makes me feel I should update my pages frequently; that is to say, when I was involved with Blog, it gives me a sense of someone else is waiting for reading my latest article. In this way, it forces me to bring new things to my pages and I need to know more about something I am interested in Urban Design field.


What is more, I learn many new things while reading other people’s Blog and I know how other people think for one particular problem. They might solve the confusion in my mind for years or bring new questions for me to think about it. This means the same as “Never too Old to Learn”. Learning does not mean going into a lecture or having a tutorial; it can be anywhere as long as you have the Internet; as long as you read, think, comment other people’s Blog.

I have post four different Blog this semester, they are “Something about my Urban Design”, “Neighbourhood and Community”, “More about sustainability” and “Compact Cities: A solution for a sustainable future in developed world”. Besides, I also made four comments on other people’s Blog as well and they are “Indoor Urban Agriculture: One way to have an extensive food growing in the city.“,”Low congestion and walkable urban”,”Chicago’s Lakefront Design–Sustainable Urban Planning” and “The Security of Sidewalk – A Sustainable Movement”.

I hope I can do better for my Blog in the future and the article I post will be more attractive to read. The Blog is a good habit during the study through the term and I think I should keep going on the Blog.


Compact Cities: A solution for a sustainable future in developed world?


To start the description and discussion, it is necessary to be aware of the key concept in the title-the Compact City. That is to say, firstly it is essential to answer the question of what is the compact city. The compact city is a concept related to urban planning and design which promotes for a high density city format in terms of residential land and other land uses. It is featured by mix land uses patterns and efficient public transport system aiming at encouraging and supporting walking and cycling activities which is relatively low energy consumption and more environmental friendly comparing with automobiles. In addition to the environmental considerations, the compact city is also known for its advocating in terms of social issues’ consideration such as social interaction and well-being and sense of the space with a feeling of safety as well. The compact city with other relevant concepts have experienced a fierce debate and arguing in terms of sustainable urban settlement type and city form with the concept of urban sprawl or low-density development. The main thesis statement defending for the compact city is the less dependent on automobiles due to its efficient land use and transportation networks. Honestly speaking, the discussion to the question of whether the compact cities’ form is the solution for a sustainable future is totally different in the developed and developing countries. That is to say, the discussion of both developed and developing world should be undertaken separately in the following text.




Developed world discussion

Generally speaking, the status in the developed countries like European cities is more suitable for applying the theories and actions for the compact cities’ concept. In other words, developed worlds’ cities and towns are more likely demonstrating commitment in terms of environment and sustainability. That is to say, they will have more chances to promote sustainable actions corresponding with the pattern of high density. As city form and land use patterns will primarily determine urban sustainability, many developed countries’ cities have been experiencing a decentralization pressure which is considered as the main driving force to make these cities become compact. Take European cities as the examples, they are much more compact comparing to the American ones. This phenomenon is not only due to the European condition itself, but also the serious problems of urban sprawl and suburbanization in the US area. That is to say, European cities are much more suitable for high-density development and compaction initiatives. For the high density and compactness are often interpreted into lower energy consumption; less carbon emission and pollution,; reducing of resource demands, European cities have also been transforming the theoretical context into the reality by building pattern of predominately low-rise structure which the city of Amsterdam has done. By understanding both what compact city requires and what local condition is, European cities have been doing well on implementing individual projects locally instead of following trends blindly. The Europe is utilizing various plan-making strategies in order to support compact city’s ideas and to maintain a tight city form and interrelated mix land use. Four main actions is undertaking in the developed cities of Europe. Firstly, planning authorities strictly limit the construction for buildings outside in the designated development areas. Secondly, municipal governments play a strong and efficient role of designers and developers in terms of new growth areas. Thirdly, local governments make great effort on promoting extensive public acquisition as well as the land ownership especially in the cities located on the Scandinavian island. Fourthly, governments encourage developers to make significant infrastructure investments which facilitate and support compactness such as transportation and energy renewable projects.


Being firmly convinced by “ecological and urban can go together”, a great number of demonstrating examples doing well on handling the issues of compactness and sustainability appears in the European countries. Lesdiche Rijn, for example, is a district in the Dutch city which is known as its innovative new growth responding to mixed-use of land and balancing of jobs and housing (Beatley, 2003). The whole area is heated by the local district’s heating system which is supplied by power plant’s waste energy close to the heated area (Beatley, 2003). Besides, the double water cycling system also provides water for industrial use and daily washing (Beatley, 2003). The feature of high density for that area is able to be clustered around train stations and bridges which are constructed for bicycle and pedestrian use only. This layout makes residence spend less time on transportation and enables the direct connections between residential area and downtown center (Beatley, 2003). It is clear noticed that the high density city form gives the opportunities for Leidsche Rijn to meet the basic points of compact cities such as encouraging waling and cycling; low energy consumption and pollution; less and cheaper per capita infrastructure provision; little dependence on cars. Examples and explanations in developed cities of Europe are given out in order to demonstrate the sustainable feasibility for the compact city form in the developed world. Although the circumstance is not the same in the US cities, developed world is still more suitable for building the compact cities’ format.


More about sustianability



Warning the public the earth is warming up at an amazing speed is not news for people. The average temperature for the whole world is rising rapidly caused by the greenhouse effect. It is not too late to save the world if people begin to realize this severe problem. The Stern Review (2007) presents the point from an economic perspective that there is time before the climate change becomes unmanageable and uncontrollable (Stern, 2007). If strong and powerful actions are taken currently, people are able to minimize the negative impacts of the climate change by responding through mitigation and adaption. Furthermore, the Stern Review (2007) also lists various serious impacts on both developed and developing country’s economy in terms of their growth and development (Stern,2007). The report is persuading readers by showing graphs and diagrams linked with statistics and figures on both economy and climate. The Review gives a clear explanation and clarification on the climate change issues by combining climate with economy in a professional and scientific perspective. Two main strategies of mitigating and adapting are proposed and being analyzed systemically in the report. Conclusions is made that there is a requirement of global awareness to the climate issues. Therefore, a wide range of relevant policies should be implemented by governments. That is to say, the climate change needs a global reaction and international response in cooperation and sharing their different understanding (Stern, 2007).


That is to say, firstly, the impact of the carbon emission is universal, it is a global externality that the damage of the climate change is broadly the same no matter where the original greenhouse gas were emitted from; secondly, this feature of the global warming asks a world-wide mechanism of carbon pricing and emission market(Stern,2007). For the international collective actions of reducing the greenhouse gas emissions, there should be a broadly similar global carbon price. It is a necessary factor if the whole world’s common target is the same. However, it is still an urgent challenge of creating this price signal by the way of international frameworks as well as the wide range of regional or national governmental policy (Stern, 2007).


The purpose and aims of establishing the carbon-pricing signal is both reflected in the short and long term. The policies should follow the pace of changing circumstances because the costs and benefits of the changing climate will become clearer as time goes on. It means that the policies which want to achieve targets and aims in a short term period should be revised periodically by adding more considerations of new local information and an updating real time weather conditions (Stern, 2007). That is the way of keeping on track towards achieving the long-term targets (Stern, 2007). For the short term one, the use of the price signal is leading to the driving of the emission reductions by avoiding an unexpectedly high level of abatement costs. The way of achieving that is setting a short-term quantity constraints and restrictions which are neither rigid nor tight. Specifically speaking, for the long term policies, it should play a role of stabilizing the concentration of GHG in the air, meanwhile, the purpose of making the long term policy should also include the establishing a quantity goal aiming at limiting the risk of disasters and big catastrophic damage(Stern,2007).

For the conclusion, the first point needed to be said is that, no matter what things people are doing currently, the global trend and context of climate change and sustainable development will not change. People should take the climate change into account when dealing with any issues such as economy, politics, science or other fields. The report of Stern Review (2007) is the milestone of people’s reaction toward the problem of climate change and its related impacts. Under the big topic of sustainability, many approaches and initiatives were created in order to meet its requirements. The Green Infrastructure introduced by ARUP’s guy is one of them. The lecturer emphasized in the lecture that the Green Infrastructure is the another important infrastructure together with other things in the cities.



Neighbourhood and Community





When studying at the topic of neighbourhood at the lecture of Ali, a synonym for the word “neighbourhood” appears during the literatures’ review. The word “community” sharing a similar meaning with neighbourhood would always make people confused in distinguishing the difference between these two words especially under the planning context. After reviewing several reference expressing thoughts or ideas on the term community, definition towards it could be given under the sociology aspect in the planning context as the “a group of people having ethnic or cultural or religious characteristics in common; shared relations and groups of people within a locality” (Parker & Doak, 2012). The word “community” implies the people’s feeling of pride and belonging, a shared value uniting people together, the willingness to help and support neighbours when they ask for help, and maybe the excluding towards outsiders (Rudin & Falk, 2009).  The specific form of community can be reflected in different views like the village, urban street or suburban hybrid as it is the basic form of human organisation and social activities. As the term of community is more closely related with sociology and people, it is no wonder that governments’ emphasis on “communities” as the basis of urban regeneration on the planning practice. It represents the efforts of figuring out for appropriate ways to encourage the public by highlighting participation opportunities.



The community related with “communities” have been brought into the planning field affected by the government. Planning practices for it have been guided under governments’ thinking on “sustainable communities” reflecting on the Sustainable Communities Act 2007 and Sustainable Communities Act 2007 (Amendment) Act 2010. These two acts have showed governments’ attitude of recognising disconnection between people and state (and planning decisions, outcomes and local people); strengthening community cohesion targeting on specific failing areas or social groups within the urban areas(Parker & Doak, 2012).  The Acts were aiming at bringing forward new thinking on improving people’s quality of life and social wellbeing working with local people and community groups. Governments’ Acts were also combining the “community” and sustainability’s requirements on the three aspects of economic, environment and social wellbeing together. Basically, governments’ focusing on the sustainable communities rather than the neighbourhood shows the concentration’s shifting from physical space towards the three sustainability embodying aspects.



However, defining the neighbourhood concept restrictedly on the physical space and planning scale is too narrow and outdated. Thus it is necessary to compare and contrast the terms of “neighbourhood” and “community”. They are not interchangeable for community is more about social groups and people while neighbourhood is defined as “the basic building blocks of cities, modest-size physical units which make up the residential portion of the urban area and form the environment that people inhabit every day” (Wheeler, 2004). Firstly, the physical infrastructure of the neighbourhood like streets and green spaces may be planned consciously. On the contrary, the community’s content including the sense of belongings or friendship relation cannot be planned as the same way with neighbourhood’s physical infrastructure but occur through people’s personal choices and individual actions. Secondly, most communities’ group of people are based on common interest such as dealing with work, education, leisure or politics while the neighbourhood’s one is based on the spatial division. For the multiple means of information exchange nowadays, many communities of interest or identity are not restricted to the spatial areas or districts replaced by other forms like the Internet. Thus the spatial propinquity is not a prerequisite for community while it is for the neighbourhood (Barton, Grant & Guise, 2010).  As to the interrelationship between these two terms, none the less, many communities’ activities are also need to process under the locality such as children in school, surgeries, local shop and pubs, churches. Together with residences’ meeting in the street, all of these issues create the sense of diversity and form the local community. The chance for these communities to be the strong and thriving ones is affected by public policy and design. The significance of the existence of such communities is dealing with neighbourhood’s problems like health and well-beings especially for the young families, the retired and unemployed people. Namely tackling the “community” problems through “neighbourhood” approaches perfectly explains the correct understanding towards their relations in terms of urban planning and design’s context.




Something about my Urban Design

About me

First of all, I want to give you some basic information for me. I was born in the city of Guilin, the most beautiful city in China I would say. It is famous for its hills and rivers which were formed by the crustal movement several ages ago. It now becomes the most famous tourism city in China.

I started my journey in Urban Planning and Design at Xian Jiaotong Liverpool University(XJTLU) in Suzhou. After studying in XJTLU major in Urban Planning and Design for one year, I fly across the whole Asia-Europe continent to the city of Liverpool located in the North West of England. It is there I spent my two years time in Urban Regeneration and Planning for my bachlor degree. Here it is important to know that during my study in the area of urban planning and design, I find out I am extremly interested in Urban Design rather than Urban Planning. The reason for that is Urban Design is more related with physical design while the planning study is more about policy and theory.

Therefore, I begun to apply for my postgraduate study in UK on the course of Urban Design. The Newcastle University became my final choice of destination because its good ranking in design. It is Newcastle where I truly start my desired journey in Urban Design which I believe it begins to shape my Urban Design’s world. I do hope I can spend my lifetime working in Urban Design.


About Urban Design

People are always asking the similar question about what is the difference between Urban Planning, Urban Design and Architecture. I am trying to answer this question under the UK context; Urban Planning is more about policy and strategy- it means planners deal with those porblems existed in the city area more often. That is to say, it provides the solutions for the area in a strategic ways. Before explaning what Urban Deign is, it is better to know something about Architecture.  From my perspective, Architecture is the subject mainly focus on buildings. It is more related with the exterior and interior design for the buildings. This means architecture is related with things like floor lay-out, ventilation, lighting, facade and even the material.

After knowing something about Urban Planning and Architecture, it is time for Urban Design. Personally speaking, Urban Design is standing somewhere in the middle of Urban Planning and Architecture; however, it is closer to Urban Planning than Architecture for both Urban Planning and Design are focusing on a wider area which can be a neighborhood, a city block,a town and even the whole region.Moreover, the Urban Design is about place making, it asks more about design in physical and other aspects (social, environmental& economic) . I will use several key words in order to show what Urban Design is in my mind: Space, Structure, Relations, Visions& Arts.Here are some pictures which I choose carefully to illstratue the real meaning of Urban Design from my point of view.

english             hahahah

 About MA Urban Design in Newcastle University

This blog is written at the time which I have been in the postgraduate program of MA Urban Design in Newcastle University for two months. I think the Newcastle University is a perfect place for study and I do enjoy what I have experienced here over the last two months. It is the first time for me having chance to work and study with students coming from different undergraduate’s background and different areas. The study in Urban Design at Newcastle University do meet my expectation before coming here. What interests me most is making the physical models for the urban area. It is the first time for me to play with physical 3D models and I enjoy in producing it rather than sitting in the middle of the book shelfs in the library in order to write a 2000 words essays. More importantly, the study towards the urban area is about feeling the city, walking within the city, travelling around the city and experiencing the urban life. The Newcaslte University’s course in Urban Design contains lots of fieldtrip and site visit during the project. This is extremly important and worthy for urban designers.I would also like to share my personal motto for the urban designers with you guys here– “There is no mathematician with an broken arm; there is no urban designer with an broken leg! “

Last but not least, the short video below is about me and my study. I hope you can watch it!



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